Notes

* Spheromak experiments, with their compact size and no linked material, have excellent diagnostic access for studying such plasma issues.

** We provide only a few key references herein. The reader is referred to Jarboe's review paper (T. R. Jarboe, Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 36, 945 (1994)) for a fuller set.

*** The global energy confinement is dependent on edge neutral physics and charge-exchange losses, with some poorly understood issues about how ions get input energy during dynamo activity.

References

1 . G. C. Goldenbaum, et al., Phys. Rev. Letters 44, 393 (1980).

2 . W. C. Turner, et al., J. Appl. Phys. 52, 175 (1981).

3 . T. R. Jarboe, et al., Phys. Fluids B 2, 1342 (1990).

4 . M. Yamada, Nucl. Fusion 25, 1327 (1985).

5 . A. al Kaharty, et al., Phys. Rev. Letters 70, 1814 (1993).

6 . J. B. Taylor, Phys. Rev. Letters 33, 1139 (1974).

7 . T. K. Fowler, Fusion Tech. 29, 206 (1996).

8 . E. B. Hooper, et al., Fusion Tech. 29, 191 (1996).

9 . R. L. Hagenson and R. A. Krakowski, Fusion Tech. 8, 1606 (1985).

10 . T. K. Fowler, et al., Comments Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 16, 91 (1994).