Advanced Energy Technology Group
Center for Energy Research
 
 
 
 
A. René Raffray
Research Scientist and Lecturer

D.Eng., University of California, Davis, 1985.
Mechanical Engineering

Tel: (858) 534-9720
Fax: (858) 822-2120
e-mail: rraffray@ucsd.edu

Mailing Address:
University of California, San Diego
458 EBU-II
9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0438
La Jolla, CA 92093-0417

Biography

List of Presentations


Published Work:


A.I Published Articles
|A.I.1-10||A.I.11-20||A.I.21-30|A.I.31-40|A.I.41-50|A.I.51-60|A.I.61-70|A.I.71-80|A.I.81-90|A.I.91-100|A.I.101-110|A.I.111-120|A.I.121-130|

A.II Books and Book Chapters
|A.II|

A.III Refereed Conference Proceedings
|A.III|

B.I Unrefereed Conference Proceedings
|B.I.1-10|B.I.11-20|B.I.21-30|B.I.31-40|B.I.41-50|

B.II Abstracts of Unpublished Conference Presentations
|B.II|

B.III Unrefereed Reports
|B.III.1-10||B.III.11-20||B.III.21-30|B.III.31-40|B.III.41-50|B.III.51-60|


A.I Published Articles

A.I.142
M. Merola, F. Escourbiac R. Raffray, P. Chappuis, T. Hirai and A. Martin,
"Overview and Status of ITER Internal Components," Fusion Engineering & Design, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2014.01.055

A.I.141
A. R. Raffray, B. Calcagno, P. Chappuis, Zhang Fu, A. Furmanek, Chen Jiming, D-H. Kim, S. Khomiakov, A. Labusov, A. Martin, M. Merola, R. Mitteau, S. Sadakov, M. Ulrickson, F. Zacchia and Contributors from the Blanket Integrated Product Team,
"The ITER Blanket System Design Challenge," Nuclear Fusion, 54, 033004, 2014.

A.I.140
A. Martin, B. Calcagno, Ph. Chappuis, E. Daly, G. Dellopoulos, A. Furmanek, S. Gicquel, P. Heitzenroeder, et al., (including R. Raffray)
"Design Evolution and Integration of the ITER In-Vessel Components," Fusion Engineering & Design, 88, 1955-1959, 2013.

A.I.139
R. Mitteau, B. Calcagno, P. Chappuis, R. Eaton, S. Gicquel, J. Chen, A. Labusov, A. Martin, M. Merola, R. Raffray, et al.,
"The Design of the ITER First Wall Panels," Fusion Engineering & Design, 88, 568-570, 2013.

A.I.138
S. Sadakov, S. Khomiakov, B. Calcagno, Ph. Chappuis, G. Dellopoulos, V. Kolganov, M. Merola, I. Poddubnyi, R. Raffray, et al.,
"Status of ITER Blanket Attachment Design and Related R&D," Fusion Engineering & Design, 88, 1853-1857, 2013.

A.I.137
V. Rozov, R. Roccella, E. Lamzin, R. Raffray, et al.,
"Calculation and Superimposition of Electro-Magnetic Loads on the ITER Blanket: Analysis Strategy and Initial Results," Fusion Engineering & Design, 87 (7-8), 1291-1296, 2012.

A.I.136
I. Mazul, A. Alekseev, V. Belyakov, D. Bondarchuk, et al. (including A. R. Raffray),
"Russian Development of Enhanced Heat Flux Technologies for ITER First Wall," Fusion Engineering & Design, 87 (5-6), 437-442, 2012.

A.I.135
S. Shigematsu, H. Tanigawa, A. Aburadani, N. Takeda, S. Kakudate, S. Mori, M. Nakahira, R. Raffray, and M. Merola,
"Verification Test Results of a Cutting Technique for the ITET Blanket Cooling Pipes," Fusion Engineering & Design, 87 (7-8), 1218-1223, 2012.

A.I.134
A. R. Raffray, M. Merola and Contributors from the BIPT,
"Overview of the Design and R&D of the ITER Blanket System," Fusion Engineering & Design, 87 (5-6), 769-776, 2012.

A.I.133
R. Mitteau, M. Sugihara, R. Raffray, S. Carpentier-Chouchana, H. Labidi, M. Merola, R. A. Pitts, and P. Stangeby,
"Lifetime Analysis of the ITER First Wall," Physica Scripta, T145, 014081,2011.

A.I.132
K.-J. Boehm, A. R. Raffray, N. B. Alexander and D. T. Goodin,
"Modeling Results for Mass Production Layering in a Fluidized Bed," Fusion Engineering & Design, 86 (4-5), 259-269, 2011.

A.I.131
R. Pitts, S. Carpentier, F. Escourbiac, T. Hirai, V. Komarov, A. S. Kukushkin, S. Lisgo, A. Loarte, M. Merola, R. Mitteau, R. Raffray, and P. C. Stangeby,
"Physics Basis and Design of ITER Plasma-Facing Components," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415 (1), s957-s964, 2011.

A.I.130
K.-J. Boehm and A. R. Raffray,
"Multi-Dimensional Computational Model of the Movement of the Solid-Gas Interface during the Layering Process in Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets in a Non-Uniform Thermal Environment," Fusion Engineering & Design, 86 (1), 51-65, 2011.

A.I.129
M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, X. R. Wang, S. Malang, S. Abdel-Khalik, M. Yoda, D. Youchison,
"Recent US Activities on Advanced He-Cooled W-Alloy Divertor Concepts for Fusion Power Plants," Fusion Engineering & Design, 86 (1), 71-98, 2011.

A.I.128
R. Nygren, R. Raffray, D. Whyte, M. A. Ulrickson, et al.,
"Making Tungsten Work," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417 (1-3), 451-456, 2011.

A.I.127
R. Mitteau, P. Stangeby, C. Lowry, M. Firdaouss, H. Labidi, A. Loarte, M. Merola, R. Pitts, R. Raffray and the ITER Blanket Section and Blanket Integrated Product Team,
"A Shaped First Wall for ITER," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415 (1), s969-s972, 2011.

A.I.126
M. Merola, D. Loesser, A. Martin, P. Chappuis, et al., (including R. Raffray),
"ITER Plasma-Facing Components," Fusion Engineering & Design, 85 (10-12), 2312-2322, 2010.

A.I.125
W. Meier, A. R. Raffray, R. J. Kurtz, N. B. Morley, W. T. Reiersen, P. Sharpe and S. Willms,
"Findings of the U.S. Research Needs Workshop on the Topic of Fusion Power," Fusion Engineering & Design, 85 (7-9), 969-973, 2010.

A.I.124
Z. Dragojlovic, A. R. Raffray, F. Najmabadi, C. Kessel, L. Waganer, L. El-Guebaly and L. Bromberg,
"An Advanced Computational Algorithm for Systems Analysis of Tokamak Power Plants," Fusion Engineering & Design, 85 (2), 243-265, 2010.

A.I.123
A. R. Raffray, R. Nygren, D. G. Whyte, and the contributors to the International HHFC Workshop on Readiness to Proceed from Near Term Fusion Systems to Power Plants,
"High Heat Flux Components - Readiness to Proceed from Near Term Fusion Systems to Power Plants," Fusion Engineering & Design, 85 (1), 93-108, 2010.

A.I.122
J. D. Sethian, et al. (including A. R. Raffray),
"The Science and Technologies for Fusion Energy With Lasers and Direct-Drive Targets," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 38 (1), 690-703, April 2010.

A.I.121
M. S. Tillack, A. D. Turnbull, L. M. Waganer, S. Malang, D. Steiner, J. P. Sharpe, L. C. Cadwallader, L. El-Guebaly, A. R. Raffray, F. Najmabadi, R. J. Peipert Jr, T. L. Weaver, and the ARIES Team,
"An Evaluation of Fusion Energy R&D Gaps using Technology Readiness Levels," Fusion Science & Technology, 56 (2), 949-956, August 2009.

A.I.120
S. Malang, A. R. Raffray and N. Morley,
"An Example Pathway to a Fusion Power Plant System Based on Lead Lithium Breeder: Comparison of the Dual Coolant Lead Lithium (DCLL) Blanket with the Helium Cooled Lead Lithium (HCLL) Concept as Initial Step," Fusion Engineering & Design, 84 (12), 2145-2157, 2009.

A.I.119
X. R. Wang, S. Malang, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Design Optimization of High-Performance Helium-Cooled Divertor Plate Concept," Fusion Science & Technology, 56 (2), 1023-1027, August 2009.

A.I.118
Z. Dragojlovic, C. Kessel, R. Raffray, F. Najmabadi, L. Waganer, L. El-Guebaly, L. Bromberg
"An Advanced Computational Approach to System Modeling of Tokamak Power Plants," Fusion Science & Technology, 56 (2), 913-917, August 2009.

A.I.117
K. J. Boehm, A. R. Raffray, N. B. Alexander, D. T. Frey, D. T. Goodin
"Numerical and Experimental Analysis of a Fluidized Bed for IFE Target Layering," Fusion Science & Technology, 56 (1), 422-426, July 2009.

A.I.116
A. R. Raffray, A. E. Robson, J. Sethian, C. Gentile, E. Marriott, D. Rose, M. Sawan and the HAPL Team,
"Laser IFE Direct Drive Chamber Concepts with Magnetic Intervention," Fusion Science & Technology, 56 (1), 333-340, July 2009.

A.I.115
A. R. Raffray, S. Malang and X. Wang,
"Optimizing the Overall Configuration of a He-Cooled W-Alloy Divertor for a Power Plant," Fusion Engineering & Design, 84 (7-11), 1553-1557, 2009.

A.I.114
T. Ihli, T.K. Basu, L.M. Giancarli, S. Konishi, S. Malang, F. Najmabadi, S. Nishio, A. R. Raffray, C.V.S. Rao, A. Sagara and Y. Wu,
"Review of Blanket Designs for Advanced Fusion Reactors," Fusion Engineering & Design, 83, 912-919, 2008.

A.I.113
N. B. Morley, Y. Katoh, S. Malang, B. A. Pint, A. R. Raffray, S. Sharafat, S. Smolentsev and G.E. Youngblood,
"Recent US Research and Development for the Dual-Coolant Blanket Concept," Fusion Engineering & Design, 83, 920-926, 2008.

A.I.112
F. Najmabadi, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES-CS Team,
"The ARIES-CS Compact Stellarator Fusion Power Plant," Fusion Science & Technology, 54 (3), 655-672, October 2008.

A.I.111
B. J. Merrill, L. El-Guebaly, C. Martin, R. L. Moore, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES-CS Team,
"Safety Assessment of the ARIES Compact Stellarator Design," Fusion Science & Technology, 54 (3), 838-865, October 2008.

A.I.110
X. R. Wang, A. R. Raffray, L. Bromberg, J.H. Schultz, L. El-Guebaly, L. Waganer, and the ARIES-CS Team,
"ARIES-CS Magnet Conductor and Structure Evaluation," Fusion Science & Technology, 54 (3), 818-837, October 2008.

A.I.109
T. K. Mau, T. Kaiser, A. A. Grossman, A. R. Raffray, X. R. Wang, J. F. Lyon, R. Maingi, L. P. Ku, M. C. Zarnstorff, and the ARIES-CS Team,
"Divertor Configuration and Heat Load Studies for the ARIES-CS Reactor," Fusion Science & Technology, 54 (3), 771-786, October 2008.

A.I.108
L. El-Guebaly, P. Wilson, D. Henderson, M. Sawan, G. Sviatoslavsky, T. Tautges, R. Slaybaugh, B. Kiedrowski, A. Ibrahim, C. Martin, R. Raffray, S. Malang, J. Lyon, L.P. Ku, X. Wang, L. Bromberg, B. Merrill, L. Waganer, F. Najmabadi, and the ARIES-CS Team,
"Designing ARIES-CS Compact Radial Build and Nuclear System: Neutronics, Shielding, and Activation," Fusion Science & Technology, 54 (3), 747-770, October 2008.

A.I.107
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, S. Malang, X. R. Wang, L. Bromberg, T. Ihli, B. Merrill, L. Waganer, and the ARIES-CS Team,
"Engineering Design and Analysis of the ARIES-CS Power Plant," Fusion Science & Technology, 54 (3), 725-746, October 2008.

A.I.106
J. P. Blanchard and R. Raffray
"Laser Fusion Chamber Design," Fusion Science & Technology, 52 (3), 440-444, October 2007.

A.I.105
X. R. Wang, L. A. El-Guebaly, S. Malang, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Integration of the Modular Dual-Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket Concept in the ARIES-CS Power Plant," Fusion Science & Technology, 52 (3), 635-639, October 2007.

A.I.104
C. Mistrangelo, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"MHD Analysis of Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket for ARIES-CS," Fusion Science & Technology, 52 (4), 849-854, November 2007.

A.I.103
X. R. Wang, S. Malang, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Configuration Design and Maintenance Approach for the ARIES-CS Stellarator Power Plant," Fusion Science & Technology, 52 (3), 417-421, October 2007.

A.I.102
M. E. Sawan, C. S. Aplin, G. Sviatoslavsky, I. N. Sviatoslavsky and A. R. Raffray,
"Neutronics Analysis of a Self-Cooled Blanket for a Laser Fusion Plant with Magnetic Intervention," Fusion Science & Technology, 52 (4), 771-775, November 2007.

A.I.101
A. R. Raffray, A. E. Robson, M. E. Sawan, G. Sviatoslavsky, I. N. Sviatoslavsky and X. Wang,
"A Self-Cooled Liquid Breeder Blanket for a Laser IFE Power Plant with Magnetic Intervention," Fusion Science & Technology, 52 (3), 603-608, October 2007.

A.I.100
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, T. Ihli, S. Malang, F. Najmabadi, X. Wang and the ARIES-CS Team,
"Engineering Challenges in Designing an Attractive Compact Stellarator Power Plant," Fusion Engineering & Design, 82, 2696-2704, 2007.

A.I.99
T. Ihli, A. R. Raffray, S. Abdel-Khalik, M. Shin and the ARIES Team,
"Design and Performance Study of the Helium-Cooled T-Tube Divertor Concept," Fusion Engineering & Design, 82, 249-264, 2007.

A.I.98
A. R. Raffray, T. K. Mau, F. Najmabadi and the ARIES Team,
"Accommodation of Prompt Alpha-Particle Loss in a Compact Stellarator Power Plant," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 363-365, 1087-1092, 2007.

A.I.97
K. J. Boehm and A. R. Raffray,
"Transient Thermo-mechanical Behavior of a Direct Drive Target during Injection in an Inertial Fusion Energy Chamber," Fusion Engineering & Design, 82, 265-290, 2007.

A.I.96
F. Najmabadi, A. R. Raffray and the ARIES Team,
"Recent Progress in ARIES Compact Stellarator Study," Fusion Engineering & Design, 81, 2679-2693, 2006.

A.I.95
F. Najmabadi, A. R. Raffray, L-P Ku, J. F. Lyon and the ARIES Team,
"Optimization of Compact Stellarator Configuration as Fusion Devices," Physics of Plasma, 13, 056123, 1-12, 2006.

A.I.94
F. Najmabadi and the ARIES Team: A. Abdou, L. Bromberg, T. Brown, V. C. Chan, M. C. Chu, F. Dahlgren, L. El-Guebaly, P. Heitzenroeder, D. Henderson, H. E. St. John, C. E. Kessel, L. L. Lao, G. R. Longhurst, S. Malang, T. K. Mau , B. J. Merrill, R. L. Miller , E. Mogahed, R.L. Moore, T. Petrie, D. A. Petti, P. Politzer, A. R. Raffray, D. Steiner, I. Sviatoslavsky, P. Synder, G. M. Syaebler, A. D. Turnbull, M. S. Tillack, L. M. Waganer, X. Wang, P. West, P. Wilson,
"The ARIES-AT Advanced Tokamak, Advanced Technology Fusion Power Plant," Fusion Engineering & Design, 80, 3-24, 2006.

A.I.93
N.B. Morley, M.A. Abdou, M. Anderson, P. Calderoni, R. J. Kurtz, R. Nugren, A. R. Raffray, M. Sawan, P. Sharpe, S. Smolentsev, S. Willms and A. Y. Ying,
"Overview of Fusion Nuclear Technology in the US," Fusion Engineering & Design, 81, 33-43, 2006.

A.I.92
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, S. Malang, T. Ihli, F. Najmabadi, X. Wang and the ARIES Team,
"Major Integration Issues in Evolving the Configuration Design Space for the ARIES-CS Compact Stellarator Power Plant," Fusion Engineering & Design, 81, 1159-1168, 2006.

A.I.91
A. R. Raffray, J. Blanchard, J. Latkowski, F. Najmabadi, T. Renk, J. Sethian, S. Sharafat, L. Snead and the HAPL Team,
"Progress Towards Realization of a Laser IFE Solid Wall Chamber," Fusion Engineering & Design, 81, 1627-1638, 2006.  

A.I.90
A. R. Raffray, W. Meier, S. Abdel-Khalik, R. Bonazza, P. Calderoni, C. S. Debonnel, Z. Dragojlovic, L. El-Guebaly, D. Haynes, J. Latkowski, C. Olson, P. F. Peterson, S. Reyes, P. Sharpe, M.S. Tillack and M. Zaghloul
"IFE Thick Liquid Wall Chamber Dynamics: Governing Mechanisms and Modeling & Experimental Capabilities," Fusion Science & Technology, 49 (1), 1-27, January 2006.

A.I.89
J. D. Sethian, A. R. Raffray, J. Latkowski, J. P. Blanchard, L. Snead, T. J. Renk and S. Sharafat
"An Overview of the Development of the First Wall and Other Principal Components of a Laser Fusion Power Plant," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 347 (3), 161-177, December 2005.

A.I.88
A. R. Raffray and the HAPL Team,
"Threats, Design Limits and Design Windows for Laser IFE Dry Wall Chambers," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 347 (3), 178-191, December 2005.

A.I.87
M. R. Zaghloul and A. R. Raffray,
"IFE Liquid Wall Response to the Prompt X-Ray Energy Deposition: Investigation of Physical Processes and Assessment of Ablated Material," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (1), 27-45, January 2005.

A.I.86
L. El-Guebaly, R. Raffray, S. Malang, J.F. Lyon, L.P. Ku, and the ARIES Team, ,
"Benefits of Radial Build Minimization and Requirements Imposed on ARIES Compact Stellarator Design," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (3), 432-439, April 2005.

A.I.85
I. N. Sviatoslavsky,A. R. Raffray, M. E. Sawan, and X. Wang,
"A Lithium Self-Cooled Blanket for the HAPL Conceptual Inertial Confinement Reactor," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (3), 535-539, April 2005.

A.I.84
A. R. Raffray, S. Malang, L. El-Guebaly, X. Wang, and the ARIES Team,
"Ceramic Breeder Blanket for ARIES-CS," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (4), 1068-1073, May 2005.

A.I.83
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, S. Malang, X. Wang, and the ARIES Team,
"Attractive Design Approaches for a Compact Stellarator Power Plant," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (3), 422-431, April 2005.

A.I.82
X.R. Wang, S. Malang, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Maintenance Approaches for ARIES-CS Power Core," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (4), 1074-1078, May 2005.

A.I.81
D.T. Goodin, N.B. Alexander, L.C. Brown, D.A. Callahan, P. Ebey, D.T. Frey, R. Gallix, D. Geller, C.R. Gibson, J. Hoffer, J.L. Maxwell, B.W. McQuillan, A. Nikroo, A. Nobile, C. Olson, R.W. Petzoldt, R. Raffray, W.S. Rickman, G. Rochau, D.G. Schroen, J. Sethian, J. Sheliak, J.E. Streit, M. Tillack, B.A. Vermillion, and E.I. Valmianski,
"Demonstrating a Target Supply for Inertial Fusion Energy," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (4), 1131-1138, May 2005.  

A.I.80
B. Christensen, A. R. Raffray, and M. S. Tillack,
"Modeling DT Vaporization and Melting in a Direct Drive Target," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (4), 1180-1186, May 2005.

A.I.79
B. Christensen, A. R. Raffray, and M. S. Tillack,
"Thermal Loading of a Direct Drive Target in Rarefied Gas," Fusion Science & Technology, 47 (4), 1175-1179, May 2005.

A.I.78
D. T. Goodin, N. B. Alexander, L. C. Brown, D. T. Frey, R. Gallix, C. R. Gibson, J. L. Maxwell, A. Nobile, C. Olson, R. W. Petzoldt, R. Raffray, G. Rochau, D. G. Schroen, M. Tillack, W. S. Rickman and B. Vermillion,
"A Cost-Effective Target Supply for Inertial Fusion Energy," Nuclear Fusion, 44 (12), S254-S265, December 2004.

A.I.77
F. Najmabadi, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES-IFE Team: S. I. Abdel-Khalik, L. Bromberg, L. A. El-Guebaly, D. Goodin, D. Haynes, J. Latkowski, W. Meier, R. Moore, S. Neff, C. L. Olson, J. Perkins, D. Petti, R. Petzoldt, D. V. Rose, W. M. Sharp, P. Sharpe, M. S. Tillack, L. Waganer, D.R. Welch, M. Yoda, S. S. Yu, M. Zaghloul,
"Operational Windows for Dry-Wall and Wetted-Wall IFE Chambers," Fusion Science & Technology, 46, 401-416, November 2004.

A.I.76
A. R. Raffray, S. I. Abdel-Khalik, D. Haynes, F. Najmabadi, P. Sharpe, M. Yoda, M. Zaghloul and the ARIES-IFE Team,
"Thermo-Fluid Dynamics and Chamber Aerosol Behavior for Thin Liquid Wall under IFE Cyclic Operation," Fusion Science & Technology, 46, 438-450, November 2004.

A.I.75
L. El-Guebaly, P. Wilson, D. Henderson, L. Waganer, R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Radiological Issues for the Thin Liquid Walls of ARIES-IFE Study," Fusion Science & Technology, 44 (2), 405-409, September 2003.

A.I.74
W. R. Meier, A. R. Raffray, S. I. Abdel-Khalik, G. L. Kulcinski, J. F. Latkowski, F. Najmabadi, C. L. Olson, P. F. Peterson, A. Ying and M. Yoda,
"IFE Chamber Technology - Status and Future Challenges," Fusion Science & Technology, 44 (1), 27-33, July 2003.

A.I.73
M. R. Zaghloul, D. K. Sze, and A. R. Raffray,
"Thermo-Physical Properties and Equilibrium Vapor-Composition of Lithium Fluoride-Beryllium Fluoride (2LiF/BeF2) Molten Salt," Fusion Science & Technology, 44 (2), 344-350, September 2003.

A.I.72
A. R. Raffray, R. Petzoldt, J. Pulsifer, M. S. Tillack and X. Wang,
"Thermal Behavior and Operating Requirements of IFE Direct-Drive Target," Fusion Science & Technology, 44 (1), 111-116, July 2003.

A.I.71
A. R. Raffray, S. I. Abdel-Khalik, D. Haynes, F. Najmabadi, P. Sharpe, and the ARIES Team,
"Thin Liquid Wall Behavior under IFE Cyclic Operation," Fusion Science & Technology, 44 (1), 106-110, July 2003.  

A.I.70
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, S. Malang, I. Sviatoslavsky, M. S. Tillack, X. Wang and the ARIES Team,
"Advanced Power Core System for the ARIES-AT Power Plant," Fusion Engineering & Design, 80, 79-98, 2006,
also, erratum, Fusion Engineering & Design, 82, 217-236, 2007.

A.I.69
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, G. Federici, D. Haynes, F. Najmabadi, D. Petti, and the ARIES-IFE Team,
"Dry Wall Survival Under IFE Conditions," Fusion Science & Technology, 46, 417-437, November 2004.

A.I.68
J. D. Sethian, M. Friedman, R. H. Lehmberg, M. Myers, S. P. Obenschain, J. Giuliani, P. Kepple, A. J. Schmitt, D. Colombant, J. Gardner, F. Hegeler, M. Wolford, S. B. Swanekamp, D. Weidenheimer, D. Welch, D. Rose, S. Payne, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, K. Schaffers, B. Freitas, K. Skulina, W. Meier, J. Latkowski, L. J. Perkins, D. Goodin, R. Petzolt, E. Stephens, F. Najmabadi, M. Tillack, R. Raffray, Z. Dragojlovic, D. Haynes, R. Peterson, G. Kulcinski, J. Hoffer, D. Geller, D. Schroen, J. Streit, C. Olson, T. Tanaka, T. Renk, G. Rochau, L. Snead, N. Ghoniem and G. Lucas,
"Fusion Energy with Lasers, Direct Drive Targets and Dry Wall Chambers," Nuclear Fusion, 43,1693-1709, 2003.

A.I.67
T. J. Renk, C. L. Olson, T. J. Tanaka, M. A. Ulrickson, G. A. Rochau, R. R. Peterson, I. E. Golovkin, M. O. Thompson, T. R. Knowles, A. R. Raffray and M. S. Tillack,
"IFE Chamber Dry Wall Materials Response to Pulsed X-rays and Ions at Power-Plant Level Fluences," Fusion Engineering & Design, 65, 399-406, 2003.

A.I.66
R. W. Petzoldt, D. T. Goodin, A. Nikroo, E. Stephens, N. Siegel, N. B. Alexander, A. R. Raffray, T. K. Mau, M. Tillack, F. Najmabadi, S. Krashenninikov and R. Gallix,
"Direct Drive Target Survival During Injection in an Inertial Fusion Energy Power Plant," Nuclear Fusion, 42, 1351-1356, 2002.

A.I.65
A. R. Raffray, and J. E. Pulsifer,
"MERLOT: A Model for Flow and Heat Transfer through Porous Media for High Heat Flux Applications," Fusion Engineering & Design, 65, 57-76, 2003.

A.I.64
A. R. Raffray, D. Haynes and F. Najmabadi,
"IFE Chamber Walls: Requirements, Design Options, and Synergy with MFE Plasma Facing Components," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 313-316 (1), 23-31, March 2003.

A.I.63
C. P. C. Wong, S. Malang, S. Nishio, R. Raffray, and A. Sagara,
"Advanced High Performance Solid Wall Blanket Concepts," Fusion Engineering & Design, 61-62 (1), 283-293, 2002.

A.I.62
L. Giancarli, H. Golfier, S. Nishio, R. Raffray, C. Wong and R. Yamada,
"Progress in Blanket Designs using SiCf/SiC Composites," Fusion Engineering & Design, 61-62 (1), 307-318, 2002.

A.I.61
S. Malang, A. R. Raffray, A. Sagara and A. Ying,
"Range of Blanket Concepts from Near-Term Solutions to Advanced Concepts," Fusion Engineering & Design, 61-62 (1), 295-306, 2002.  

A.I.60
A. R. Raffray, G. Federici, A. Hassanein and D. Haynes,
"Dynamic Chamber Behavior in IFE and MFE," Fusion Engineering & Design, 63-64 (1), 597-608, 2002.

A.I.59
A. R. Raffray, M. Akiba, V. Chuyanov, L. Giancarli, and S. Malang,
"Breeding Blanket Concepts for Fusion and Materials Requirements," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311, 21-30, 2002.

A.I.58
R. Schleicher, A. R. Raffray, C. P. Wong,
"An Assessment of the Brayton Cycle for High Performance Power Plant," Fusion Technology, 39 (2), 823-827, March 2001.

A.I.57
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, S. Malang, I. Sviatoslavsky, M. S. Tillack, X. Wang, and the ARIES Team,
"ARIES-AT Blanket and Divertor," Fusion Technology, 39 (2), 429-433, March 2001.

A.I.56
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, S. Gordeev, S. Malang, E. Mogahed, F. Najmabadi, I. Sviatoslavsky, D. K. Sze, M. S. Tillack, X. Wang, and the ARIES Team,
"High Performance Blanket for ARIES-AT Power Plant," Fusion Engineering & Design, 58-59, 549-553, 2001.

A.I.55
A. R. Raffray, R. Jones, G. Aiello, M. Billone, L. Giancarli, H. Golfier, A. Hasegawa, Y. Katoh, A. Kohyama, S. Nishio, B. Riccardi, M. S. Tillack,
"Design and Material Issues for SiCf/SiC-Based Fusion Power Cores," Fusion Engineering & Design, 55 (1), 55-95, 2001.

A.I.54
A. Cardella, H. Gorenflo, A. Lodato, K. Ioki, and A. R. Raffray,
"Effects of Plasma Disruption Events on ITER First Wall Plasma Facing Materials," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 283-287, 1105-1110, 2000.

A.I.53
M. Ferrari, A. Bianchi, G. Celentano, W. Dänner, M. Enoeda, A. Gerber, Y. Gohar, W. Gulden, K. Ioki, T. Kuroda, A. Lopatkin, F. Lucca, X. Masson, R. Mattas, G. Mazzone, J. Mustoe, R. Parker, L. Petrizzi, A. Pizzuto, R. Plenteda, Y. Poitevin, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Reference Breeding Blanket Design," Fusion Engineering & Design, 46, 177-183, 1999.

A.I.52
F. Elio, K. Ioki, P. Barabaschi, L. Bruno, A. Cardella, M. Hechler, T. Kodama, A. Lodato, D. Loesser, D. Lousteau, N. Miki, K. Mohri, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Engineering Design of the ITER Blanket and Relevant Research and Development Results," Fusion Engineering & Design, 46, 159-175, 1999.

A.I.51
R. Tivey, T. Ando, A. Antipenkov, V. Barabash, S. Chiocchio, G. Federici, C. Ibbott, R. Jakeman, G. Janeschitz, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Divertor, Design Issues and Research and Development," Fusion Engineering & Design, 46, 207-220, 1999.  

A.I.50
A. R. Raffray, J. Schlosser, M. Akiba, M. Araki, S. Chiocchio, D. Driemeyer, F. Escourbiac, S. Grigoriev, M. Merola, R. Tivey, G. Vieider, and D. Youchison,
"Critical Heat Flux Analysis and R&D for the Design of the ITER Divertor," Fusion Engineering & Design, 45, 377-407, 1999.

A.I.49
A. Badawi, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Modeling and Analysis of Time-Dependent Tritium Transport in Lithium Oxide," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 273, 79-94, 1999.

A.I.48
D. Lousteau, K. Ioki, L. Bruno, A. Cardella, F. Elio, M. Hechler, T. Kodama, A. Lodato, D. Loesser, N. Miki, K. Mohri, A. R. Raffray, and M. Yamada,
"Design of the ITER Shielding Blanket," Fusion Technology, 34, 384-389, November 1998.

A.I.47
A. Cardella, A. Lodato, H. D. Pacher, R. R. Parker, K. Ioki, G. Janeschitz, D. Lousteau, A. R. Raffray, M. Yamada, and C. Gusic,
"The ITER Port Limiter Design," Fusion Engineering & Design, 43, 75-92, 1998.

A.I.46
K. Ioki, P. Barabaschi, L. Bruno, A. Cardella, W. Daenner, F. Elio, M. Hechler, T. Kodama, A. Lodato, D. Loesser, D. Lousteau, R. Mattas, N. Miki, K. Mohri, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, Y. Strebkov, N. Tachikawa, H. Takatsu, D. Williamson, and M. Yamada,
"ITER First Wall/Shield Blanket," Fusion Engineering & Design, 39-40, 585-591, 1998.

A.I.45
A. Cardella, S. Chiocchio, K. Ioki, G. Janeschitz, R. R. Parker, A. Lodato, R. Tivey, L. Bruno, R. Jakeman, K. Mohri, A. R. Raffray, G. Vieieder, P. Lorenzetto, A. Epinatiev, and L. Giancarli,
"Design of the ITER EDA Plasma Facing Components," Fusion Engineering & Design, 39-40, 377-384, 1998.

A.I.44
A. R. Raffray, S. Chiocchio, K. Ioki, D. Krassovski, D. Kubik, and R. Tivey,
"High Heat Flux Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of ITER Divertor and Blanket Systems," Fusion Engineering & Design, 39-40, 323-331, 1998.

A.I.43
V. Barabash, G. Federici, R. Matera, A. R. Raffray, and ITER Home Teams,
"Armour Materials for the ITER Plasma Facing Components," Physica Scripta, T81, 74-83, 1999.

A.I.42
A. R. Raffray, G. Federici, V. Barabash, H. Pacher, H. W. Bartels, A. Cardella, R. Jakeman, K. Ioki, G. Janeschitz, R. Parker, R. Tivey, and C. H. Wu,
"Beryllium Application in ITER Plasma Facing Components," Fusion Engineering & Design, 37, 261-286, 1997.

A.I.41
G. Federici, and A. R. Raffray,
"RACLETTE: A Model for Evaluating the Thermal Response of Plasma Facing Components to Slow High Power Plasma Transients. Part II: Analysis of ITER Plasma Facing Components," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 244, 101-130, 1997.

A.I.40
A. R. Raffray, and G. Federici,
"RACLETTE: A Model for Evaluating the Thermal Response of Plasma Facing Components to Slow High Power Plasma Transients. Part I: Theory and Description of Model Capabilities, " Journal of Nuclear Materials, 244, 85-100, 1997.

A.I.39
H. D. Pacher, I. Smid, G. Federici, Yu. Igitkhanov, G. Janeschitz, A. R. Raffray, and G. Vieider,
"Erosion Lifetime of ITER Divertor Plates," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 241-243, 255-259, 1997.

A.I.38
K. Ioki, L. Bruno, A. Cardella, D. Lousteau, K. Mohri, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, N. Tachikawa, and E. Zolti,
"Status of Design of the First Wall for ITER," Physica Scripta, T64, 53-59, 1996.

A.I.37
A. R. Raffray, M. C. Billone, G. Federici, and S. Tanaka,
"Progress in Tritium Retention and Release Modeling for Ceramic Breeders," Fusion Engineering & Design, 28, 240-251, 1995.

A.I.36
M. Xu, M. A. Abdou, and A. R. Raffray,
"Thermal Conductivity of a Beryllium Gas Packed Bed," Fusion Engineering & Design, 27, 240-246, 1995.

A.I.35
S. Cho, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Modeling of Tritium Release from Beryllium in Fusion Blanket Applications," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 212-215, 961-965, 1994.

A.I.34
G. Federici, A. R. Raffray, M. C. Billone, C. H. Wu, S. Cho, and M. A. Abdou,
"An Assessment of Models for Tritium Release from Ceramic Breeders for Blanket Analysis Applications," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 212-215, 1003-1009, 1994.

A.I.33
A. Badawi, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"Analysis of BEATRIX-II Tritium Release Results Using MISTRAL," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 212-215, 993-997, 1994.

A.I.32
A. R. Raffray, S. Cho, and M. A. Abdou,
"Modeling of Tritium Transport in Ceramic Breeder Single Crystal," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 210, 143-160, 1994.

A.I.31
Z. Gorbis, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"High-Heat-Flux Removal by Phase-Change Fluid and Particulate Flow," Fusion Technology, 23 (4), 435-441, July 1993.  

A.I.30
A. R. Raffray, M. S. Tillack, and M. A. Abdou, "Thermal Control of Ceramic Breeder Blankets," Fusion Technology, 23 (3), 281-308, May 1993.

A.I.29
P. Adnani, I. Catton, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Effective Thermal Conductivity of Binary Mixtures at High Solid-to-Gas Conductivity Ratios," Chemical Enginering Communications, 120, 45-58, February 1993.

A.I.28
G. Federici, C. H. Wu, A. R. Raffray, and M. C. Billone,
"Modeling of Tritium Release from Ceramic Breeders: Status and Some Implications for Next-Step Devices," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 187, 1-31, 1992.

A.I.27
A. Badawi, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Analysis of Tritium Transport Mechanisms at the Surface of Lithium Ceramics," Fusion Technology, 21 (3), Part 2B, 1939-1943, May 1992.

A.I.26
A. Ying, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Benefits of Natural Convection in Solid Breeder Blankets with Poloidal Coolant Channels under LOFA Conditions," Fusion Engineering & Design, 17, 313-319, 1991.

A.I.25
M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, A. Ying, M. A. Abdou and P. Huemer,
"Experimental Studies of Active Temperature Control in Solid Breeder Blankets," Fusion Engineering & Design, 17, 165-170, 1991.

A.I.24
A. R. Raffray, A. Ying, Z. Gorbis, M. S. Tillack, and M. A. Abdou,
"Thermal Control of Solid Breeder Blanket," Fusion Engineering & Design, 17, 131-137, 1991.

A.I.23
A. Badawi, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"Analysis of Tritium Release from LiAlO2 in the TEQUILA Experiment, using the MISTRAL Code," Fusion Engineering & Design, 17, 73-78, 1991.

A.I.22
Y. Gohar, H. Attaya, M. Billone, C. Lin, C. Johnson, S. Majumbar, D. Smith, P. Goranson, B. Nelson, D. Williamson, C. Baker, A. R. Raffray, A. Badawi, Z. Gorbis, A. Ying, M. Abdou, I. Sviatoslavsky, J. Blanchard, E. Mogahed, M. Sawan, and G. Kulcinski,
"U.S. Solid Breeder Blanket Design for ITER," Fusion Technology, 19 (3), Part 2B, 1538-1545, May 1991.

A.I.21
A. Badawi, A. R. Raffray, A. Ying and M. A. Abdou,
"Tritium Analysis for the US-ITER Solid Breeder Blanket," Fusion Technology, 19 (3), Part 2B, 1532-1537, May 1991.  

A.I.20
A. R. Raffray, Z. R. Gorbis and M. A. Abdou,
"Rate-Controlling Tritium Transport Mechanisms in Solid Breeders," Fusion Technology, 19 (3), Part 2B, 1525-1529, May 1991.

A.I.19
Z. R. Gorbis, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"Study of Effective Solid-to-Solid Contact Thermal Resistance and its Application to Solid Breeder Blanket Design for ITER," Fusion Technology, 19 (3), Part 2B, 1519-1524, May 1991.

A.I.18
A. Ying, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"LOFA Analysis for US ITER Solid Breeder Blanket," Fusion Technology, 19 (3), Part 2B, 1481-1486, May 1991.

A.I.17
D. Smith, M. Billone, Y. Gohar, C. Baker, Mori, T. Kuroda, K. Maki, H. Takatsu, H. Yoshida, A. R. Raffray, I. Sviatoslavsky, G. Simbolotti, W. Daenner, P. Lorenzetto, A. Antipenkov, A. Siderov, and G. Shatalov,
"Tritium Breeding Blanket," Fusion Technology, 19 (3), Part 2B, 1424-1431, May 1991.

A.I.16
G. Federici, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"MISTRAL: A Comprehensive Model for Tritium Transport in Lithium-Base Ceramics - Part II: Comparison with Experimental Results," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 173, 214-228,1990.

A.I.15
G. Federici, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"MISTRAL: A Comprehensive Model for Tritium Transport in Lithium-Base Ceramics - Part I: Theory and Description of Model Capabilities," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 173, 185-213,1990.

A.I.14
M. A. Abdou, M. S. Tillack, and A. R. Raffray,
"Thermal, Fluid Flow and Tritium Release Problems in Fusion Blankets," Fusion Technology, 18, 165-200, September 1990.

A.I.13
A. R. Raffray, M. A. Abdou, M. S. Tillack, M. Z. Youssef, and Y. Watanabe,
"Tritium-Producing Blanket for Fusion Engineering Facility," Fusion Engineering & Design, 8, 101-107, 1989.

A.I.12
M. Song, M. Z. Youssef, M. A. Abdou and A. R. Raffray,
"Impact of Neutronics Considerations on Selection of Solid Breeder and Multiplier Materials and Configurations," Fusion Engineering & Design, 10, 47-55, 1989.

A.I.11
K. Fujimura, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"Analysis of Helium Purge Flow in a Solid Breeder Blanket," Fusion Engineering & Design, 8, 109-114, 1989.  

A.I.10
A. R. Raffray, M. A. Abdou, P. Chou, Z. Gorbis, M. Tillack, Y. Watanabe, and A. Ying,
"Helium-Cooled Solid Breeder Blanket for ITER," Fusion Technology, 15 (2), Part 2B, 858-863, March 1989.

A.I.9
Z. R. Gorbis, A. R. Raffray, K. Fujimura, I. Jun, and M. A. Abdou,
"LOCA Study for a Helium-Cooled Solid Breeder Blanket for ITER," Fusion Technology, 15 (2), Part 2B, 821-826, March 1989.

A.I.8
Y. Watanabe, M. Z. Youssef, M. Song and A. R. Raffray,
"Neutronics Performance of a Helium-Cooled Solid Breeder Blanket and Shield for ITER," Fusion Technology, 15 (2), Part 2A, 475-480, March 1989.

A.I.7
Z. R. Gorbis, A. R. Raffray, M. S. Tillack and M. A. Abdou,
"Thermal Resistance Gaps for ITER Solid Breeder Blankets using Packed Beds," Fusion Technology, 15 (2), Part 2A, 695-698, March 1989.

A.I.6
M. A. Abdou, A. R. Raffray, Z. R. Gorbis, M. S. Tillack, Y. Watanabe, A. Y. Ying,M. Z. Youssef, and K. Fujimura,
"A Helium-Cooled Solid Breeder Concept for the Tritium Producing Blanket of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor," Fusion Technology, 15 (2), Part I, 166-182, March 1989.

A.I.5
M. A. Abdou, A. H. Hadid, A. R. Raffray, M. S. Tillack, T. Iizuka, P. J. Gierszewski, R. J. Puigh, D. K. Sze, and B. Picologlou,
"Modeling, Analysis and Experiments for Fusion Nuclear Technology," Fusion Engineering & Design, 6, 3-64, 1988.

A.I.4
A. R. Raffray and M. A. Hoffman,
"Thermal-Hydraulic Study of the ESPRESSO Blanket for a Tandem Mirror Reactor", Fusion Technology, 10 (3), Part 2B, 1640-1645, November 1986.

A.I.3
A. R. Raffray, M. A. Hoffman, and T. Gaskins,
"Cost Study of the ESPRESSO Blanket for a Tandem Mirror Reactor", Fusion Technology, 10 (3), Part 2B, 1577-1582, November 1986.

A.I.2
A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Hoffman,
"Liquid Momentum Removal Using Rod Arrays Applied to the HYLIFE Reactor", Fusion Technology, 10 (3), Part 2B, 1264-1269, November 1986.

A.I.1
M.A. Abdou, P. Gierszewski, M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, D. K. Sze, and R. Puigh,
"Blanket Material and Engineering Issues, and Requirements for Experiments and Facilities," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 141-143, 10-18, April 1986.

 


A.II Books and Book Chapters

No entry  


A.III Refereed Conference Proceedings

A.III.4
W. Meier, R. Raffray and I. N. Sviatoslavsky,
"Systems Modeling for Laser IFE," Proceedings, 4th International Conference on Inertial Fusion Science and Applications, Biarritz, France, September 2005, Journal de Physique IV, 133, 833-835, June 2006.

A.III.3
R. Raffray, J. Blanchard, A. E. Robson, D. V. Rose, M. Sawan, J. Sethian, L. Snead, I. Sviatoslavsky, and the HAPL Team,
"Impact of Magnetic Diversion on Laser IFE Reactor Design and Performance," Proceedings, 4th International Conference on Inertial Fusion Science and Applications, Biarritz, France, September 2005, Journal de Physique IV, 133, 845-848, June 2006.

A.III.2
F. Najmabadi, R. Raffray, M. S. Tillack, Dan Goodin, Donald Haynes, Craig Olson, and the ARIES Team,
"Assessment of Chamber Concepts for Inertial Fusion Energy Power Plants - The ARIES-IFE study," Proceedings, 2nd International Conference on Inertial Fusion Science and Applications, Kyoto, Japan, September 2001, 701-705.

A.III.1
A. R. Raffray, D. A. Haynes, R. R. Peterson, M. S. Tillack, X. Wang and M. Zaghloul
"Dry Chamber Wall Thermo-Mechanical Behavior and Lifetime under IFE Cyclic Energy Deposition," Proceedings, 2nd International Conference on Inertial Fusion Science and Applications, Kyoto, Japan, September 2001, 734-737.

 


B.I Unrefereed Conference Proceedings

B.I.58
A. R. Raffray, M. Merola and Contributors from the Blanket Integrated Product Team,
"Design of the ITER First Wall and Blanket," Proceedings of the 24rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Chicago, IL, June 27-30, 2011.

B.I.57
R. Mitteau, R. Raffray, P. Chappuis, M. Merola and D. Loesser,
"Progress of ITER First Wall Design," Proceedings of 6th IAEA Technical Meeting on Steady State Operation of Magnetic Fusion Devices, Vienna, Austria, December 6-10, 2010.

B.I.56
M. Merola, D. Loesser and R. Raffray,
"Power Handling in ITER: Divertor and Blanket Design and R&D," Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Daejon, Republic of Korea, October 11-16, 2010.

B.I.55
C.S. Kim, V. Barabash, M. Merola, and R. Raffray,
"Contribution of ITER in Research of Internal Component Materials," Proceedings of OECD Nuclear Energy Agency International Workshop on Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, August 31- September 3, 2010.

B.I.54
F. Najmabadi, R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, L-P Ku, J. F. Lyon
"Compact Stellarator Power Plant -- Prospects, Technical Issues, and R&D Directions," Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, October 13-18, 2008.

B.I.53
K.-J. Boehm, A. R. Raffray, N. B. Alexander, D. T. Frey and D. T. Goodin,
"Numerical Analysis of using a Fluidized Bed as a Prototypic Mass Production Device for IFE Target Layering," Proceedings of the 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, CA, June 1-5, 2009 (CD-ROM).

B.I.52
X. R. Wang, A. R. Raffray, and S. Malang,
"Transient Thermal and Stress Response of A Helium-Cooled Tungsten Plate-Type Divertor," Proceedings of the 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, CA, June 1-5, 2009 (CD-ROM).

B.I.51
T. K. Mau, T. B. Kaiser, J. F. Lyon, R. Maingi, A. R. Raffray, X. Wang, L-P. Ku, and M. Zarnstorff,
"Divertor Heat Loads from Thermal and Alpha Particles in a Compact Stellarator Reactor," Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Albuquerque, NM, June 18-21, 2007 (CD-ROM).

B.I.50
J.S. O'Dell and A. R. Raffray,
"Improved Helium Jet-Cooled Tungsten Divertor Concept," Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Albuquerque, NM, June 18-21, 2007 (CD-ROM).

B.I.49
M. E. Sawan, C. S. Aplin, G. Sviatoslavsky, and A. R. Raffray,
"Neutronics Analysis of a Molten Salt Blanket for the HAPL Laser Fusion Power Plant with Magnetic Intervention," Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Albuquerque, NM, June 18-21, 2007 (CD-ROM).

B.I.48
A. R. Raffray, F. Dahlgren, C. Gentile, C. Priniski, A. E. Robson, D. Rose, M. E. Sawan, J. Sethian, L. Snead, G. Sviatoslavsky, and X. R. Wang,
"Conceptual Study of Integrated Chamber Core for Laser Fusion with Magnetic Intervention," Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Albuquerque, NM, June 18-21, 2007 (CD-ROM).

B.I.47
T.K. Mau, H. McGuinness, A. Grossman, A. R. Raffray, D. Steiner and the ARIES Team,
"Divertor Heat Load Studies for Compact Stellarator Reactors," Proceedings of the 21th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, TN, September 26-29, 2005 (CD-ROM).

B.I.46
M.E. Sawan, I.N. Sviatoslavsky, A. R. Raffray, and X. Wang,
"Neutronics Assessment of Blanket Options for HAPL Laser Fusion Energy Chamber," Proceedings of the 21th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, TN, September 26-29, 2005 (CD-ROM).

B.I.45
T. Ihli, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Gas-Cooled Divertor Design Approach for ARIES-CS," Proceedings of the 21th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, TN, September 26-29, 2005 (CD-ROM).

B.I.44
X. R. Wang, S. Malang, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Modular Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket Design for ARIES-CS Compact Stellarator Power Plant," Proceedings of the 21th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, TN, September 26-29, 2005 (CD-ROM).

B.I.43
X. R. Wang, S. Malang, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team,
"Initial Maintenance Assessment for ARIES-CS Power Plant," Proceedings of the 20th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, CA, October 14-17, 2003, 205-208.

B.I.42
J. E. Pulsifer and A. R. Raffray,
"Optimizing Porous Media Microstructure Characteristics for High Heat Flux Application," Proceedings of the 20th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, CA, October 14-17, 2003, 78-81.

B.I.41
M. S. Tillack, D. T. Goodin, N. B. Alexander, R. W. Petzoldt, A. R. Raffray, D. Schroen, J. D. Sethian and J. E. Streit,
"A Target Fabrication and Injection Facility for Laser-IFE," Proceedings of the 20th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, CA, October 14-17, 2003, 624-627.  

B.I.40
J. E. Pulsifer and A. R. Raffray,
"Structured Porous Media for High Heat Flux Fusion Applications," Proceedings of the 19th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Atlantic City, New Jersey, January 2002, 352-355.

B.I.39
moved to A.III.2

B.I.38
moved to A.III.1

B.I.37
A. R. Raffray, L. El-Guebaly, D. K. Sze, M. Billone, I. Sviatoslavsky, E. Mogahed, F. Najmabadi, M. S. Tillack, X. Wang, and the ARIES Team,
"SiC/SiC Composite for an Advanced Fusion Power Plant Blanket," Proceedings of the 18th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Albuquerque, NM, October 1999, 73-76.

B.I.36
Y. Hoshi, Y. Kataoka, V. Tanchuk, M. Itoh, H. Horikiri, K. Osano, R. Haange, A. R. Raffray, R. Tivey, S. Maruyama, K. Ito, P. Lorenzetto, and Y. Okawa,
"ITER Heat Removal System - System and Process Control Design," Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Marseilles, September 1998, 2, 1693-1696.

B.I.35
A. Cardella, K. Ioki, G. Janeschitz, A. Lodato, H. D. Pacher, R. R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, V. Rozov, and K. Skladnov,
"The ITER Port Limiter System," Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Marseilles, September 1998, 1, 199-202.

B.I.34
M. Merola, F. Escourbiac, L. Plöchl, A. R. Raffray, J. Schlosser, I. Smid, R. Vesprini, and G. Vieider,
"High Heat Flux Testing of a Prototypical Divertor Component," Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Marseilles, September 1998, 1, 189-192.

B.I.33
A. R. Raffray, M. Akiba, A. Cardella, K. Ezato, G. Federici, K. Ioki, R. Parker, and L. Topilski,
"Effect of Runaway Electrons and VDE's on ITER First Wall," Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Marseilles, September 1998, 1, 211-214.

B.I.32
W. Van Hove, E. Komen, A. Bodart, E. Stubbe, H. Yoshida, H. Horikiri, R. Haange, H. W. Bartels, A. R. Raffray, and P. Lorenzetto,
"ITER First Wall Cooling System Simulation with the ATHENA Code," presented at the NURETH-8 Conference, Kyoto, Japan, October 1997.

B.I.31
S. Chiocchio, A. Antipenkov, G. Federici, C. Ibbott, H. Heidl, R. Jakeman, G. Janeschitz, E. Martin, A. R. Raffray, and R. Tivey,
"Status of the Engineering Design of the ITER Divertor," Proceedings of the 17th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, CA, October 1997, 331-336.  

B.I.30
F. Elio, K. Ioki, L. Bruno, A. Cardella, Y. Gohar, M. Hechler, T. Kodama, A. Lodato, D.Loesser, D. Lousteau, N. Miki, K. Mohri, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Progress in the ITER Blanket Design," Proceedings of the 17th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, CA, October 1997, 987-990.

B.I.29
K. Ioki, A. Cardella, W. Daenner, F. Elio, Y. Gohar, G. Johnson, K. Koizumi, E. G. Kuzmin, D. Lousteau, R. Mattas, K. Mohri, B. Nelson, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Vessel and Blanket," Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Fusion Energy, Montreal, Canada, October 1996, IAEA-CN-64/FP-7, 835-843.

B.I.28
K. Ioki, L. Bruno, A. Cardella, W. Daenner, A. Lodato, D. Lousteau, R. Mattas, K. Mohri, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Blanket System Design," Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Lisbon, Portugal, September 1996, 2, 1331-1334.

B.I.27
Y. Gohar, et al. (19 co-authors) including A. R. Raffray,
"Design and Analysis of the ITER Breeding Blanket," Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Lisbon, Portugal, September 1996, 2, 1315-1318.

B.I.26
R. Matera, S. Chiocchio, G. Federici, K. Ioki, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"In-Situ Repair Concepts for the ITER First Wall Components," Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Lisbon, Portugal, September 1996, 1, 197-202.

B.I.25
K. Ioki, A. Cardella, W. Daenner, Y. Gohar, D. Lousteau, J. McAfee, K. Mohri, D. Morgan, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Blanket Design and Fabrication Method," presented at the HIP 96 Conference, Boston, USA, May 1996.

B.I.24
K. Ioki, A. Cardella, F. Elio, Y. Gohar, T. Iizuka, G. Johnson, G. Kalinin, D. Lousteau, K. Mohri, R. Parker, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Shield Blanket and Vacuum Vessel," Proceedings of the 16th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Champaign, IL, October 1995, 150-155.

B.I.23
Y. Gohar, M. Billone, A. Cardella, W. Daenner, K. Ioki, T. Kuroda, D. Lousteau, P. Lorenzetto, S. Majumbar, R. Mattas, K. Mohri, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Breeding Blanket Design," Proceedings of the 16th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Champaign, IL, October 1995, 410-417.

B.I.22
G. Federici, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Analysis of Heat Transfer and Erosion Effects on ITER Divertor PFC's Induced by Slow High-Power Transients," Proceedings of the 16th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Champaign, IL, October 1995, 430-434.

B.I.21
Y. Gohar, A. Antipenkov, A. Cardella, W. Daenner, W. Gauster, G. Kalinin, R. Mattas, K. Mohri, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"ITER Nuclear Engineering First Wall, Blanket, Shield Design, and R&D Program," presented at the IAEA's 15th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Seville, Spain, October 94, IAEA-CN-60/E-P-12.  

B.I.20
R. R. Parker, A. Antipenkov, A. Cardella, T. Iizuka, W. Gauster, Y. Gohar, K. Ioki, G. Johnson, G. Kalinin, K. Mohri, A. R. Raffray, P-H. Rebut, R. Santoro, K. Shimizu, and D. Williamson,
"ITER Vacuum Vessel, Blanket and Shield," presented at the IAEA's 15th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Seville, Spain, October 1994, IAEA-CN-60/E-1-1-6.

B.I.19
M. S. Tillack, N. Ghoniem, A. R. Raffray, M. A. Abdou, and the Prometheus Team,
"The Prometheus IFE Reactor Cavity," Proceedings of the 15th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Hyannis, MA, October 1993, 993-996.

B.I.18
G. Federici, C. H. Wu, A. R. Raffray and M. C. Billone,
"Tritium Release from Ceramic Breeders: Key Issues and Implications for Modeling and Interpreting Fusion Testing Results," Proceedings of the 17th Symposium on Fusion Technology, Rome, Italy, September 1992, 2, 1350-1354.

B.I.17
M. S. Tillack, M. Z. Youssef, M. A. Abdou, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Design and Analysis of the PROMETHEUS Wetted Wall IFE Reactor Cavity," Proceedings of the 14th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, California, October 1991, 223-226.

B.I.16
A. R. Raffray, M. A. Abdou and A. Ying,
"An Assessment of the Base Blanket for ITER", Proceedings of the 14th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, California, October 1991,1123-1126.

B.I.15
Y. Gohar, et al., including R. Raffray (20 authors),
"ITER Blanket and Shield Studies for High Aspect Ratio Design Option," Proceedings of the 14th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, San Diego, California, October 1991, 1131-1134.

B.I.14
D. Smith, A. Antipenkov, C. Baker, M. Billone, W. Daenner, Y. Gohar, T. Kuroda, P. Lorenzetto, K. Maki, S. Mori, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Tritium Breeding Blanket", presented at the 13th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, IAEA, Washington, DC, October 1990, IAEA-CN-53/F-3-11.

B.I.13
G. Federici, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Tritium Modeling of Experimental Results for Lithium- Metasilicate in the LISA-1 Experiment,"
in Fabrication and Properties of Lithium Ceramics II, Advances in Ceramics, Vol. 27, Edited by G. W. Hollenberg and I. J. Hastings, American Ceramic Society, Ohio, 1990 (pp 329-344).

B.I.12
A. Ying, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"Characteristics of Helium Purge Flow in Solid Breeder Pebble Bed and its Impact on Design Considerations," Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on Fusion Technology, London, U.K., September 1990, 1, 867-871.

B.I.11
M. A. Abdou, M. S. Tillack, and A. R. Raffray,
"Thermomechanical Problems in Fusion Reactor Blankets," Proceedings of the 4th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 1989, 2, 835-856.  

B.I.10
A. Ying, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"Transient Flow Behavior of an Helium-Cooled Ceramic Breeder Blanket," Proceedings of the 4th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 1989, 2, 878-883. Later published in Nuclear Engineering & Design, 126, 137-145, 1991.

B.I.9
A. R. Raffray, Z. R. Gorbis, A. Badawi, M. S. Tillack, et al.,
"Model for Determining the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Particle Beds with High Solid-to-Gas Thermal Conductivity Ratios," Proceedings of the 13th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, Tennessee, October 1989, IEEE-89CH2820-9, 1, 66-69.

B.I.8
M. S. Tillack, A. Y. Ying, C. Tickle, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Experimental Study of the Effective Thermal Conductivity of a Packed Bed as a Temperature Control Mechanism for ITER Ceramic Breeder Blanket Designs," Proceedings of the 13th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, Tennessee, October 1989, IEEE-89CH2820-9, 1, 70-73.

B.I.7
G. Federici, A. R. Raffray and M. A. Abdou,
"Tritium Analysis of a Water-Cooled Solid Breeder Blanket for ITER," Proceedings of the 13th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, Tennessee, October 1989, IEEE-89CH2820-9, 2, 886-889.

B.I.6
Y. Gohar, H. Attaya, M. C. Billone, P. Finn, S. Majumdar, L. R. Turner, C. C. Baker, B. E. Nelson and R. Raffray,
"Solid Breeder Blanket Option for the ITER Conceptual Design," Proceedings of the 13th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, Tennessee, October 1989, IEEE-89CH2820-9, 1, 53-56.

B.I.5
H. Hashizume, A. Y. Ying, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Mechanical Design of a Solid Breeder Blanket Canister," Transactions of the 10th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology, Vol. N, 87-92, California, August 1989.

B.I.4
A. R. Raffray, M. A. Abdou, and P. J. Gierszewski,
"Modeling of Tritium Behavior in Solid Breeders,"
in Fabrication and Properties of Lithium Ceramics, Advances in Ceramics, Vol. 25, Edited by I. J. Hastings and G. W. Hollenberg, American Ceramic Society, Ohio,1989 (pp 1-14).

B.I.3
R. F. Mattas, C. C. Baker, Y. Cha, P. A. Finn, S. Majumdar, B. F. Picologlou, D. K. Sze, H. Stevens, M. A. Abdou, E. Cheng, A. Hadid, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Blanket Module Testing in TIBER," Proceedings of the 12th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Monterey, California, October 1987, 2, 1279-1282.

B.I.2
A. R. Raffray, M. A. Abdou, M. Song, R. Puigh, et al.,
"Comparative Analysis of the Performance of Solid Breeders," Proceedings of the 12th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Monterey, California, October 1987, 1, 55-59.

B.I.1
M. A. Abdou, M. S. Tillack, and A. R. Raffray,
"Time-Related Parameters in a Fusion Engineering Facility for Nuclear Technology Testing," Proceedings of the 12th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Monterey, California, October 1987, 1, 509-512

 


B.II Abstracts of Unpublished Conference Presentations

No entry  


B.III Unrefereed Reports

B.III.67
M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, F. Najmabadi and L. C. Carlson, "Target and Chamber Technologies for Direct-Drive Laser IFE," UCSD Technical Report, UCSD-CER-10-01, April 30, 2010.

B.III.66
M. S. Tillack, D. Steiner, L. M. Waganer, S. Malang, F. Najmabadi, L. C. Cadwallader, L. A. El-Guebaly, R. J. Peipert Jr, A. R. Raffray, J. P. Sharpe, A. D. Turnbull, T. L. Weaver, and the ARIES Team, "Issues and R&D needs for commercial fusion energy: An interim report of the ARIES technical working groups," UCSD Technical Report, UCSD-CER-08-01, July 2008.

B.III.65
M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, S. Abdel-Khalik, J. P. Blanchard, M. Sawan and P. Sharpe,
"Fusion Nuclear Science and Technology R&D Needs: A fusion nuclear renaissance," UCSD Technical Report, UCSD-CER-07-01, June 24, 2007.

B.III.64
M. S. Tillack, F. Najmabadi, A. R. Raffray, K. Cockrell, Z. Dragojlovic, R. Harrison, A. Iroezi, R. Martin, J. E. Pulsifer, K. Sequoia and X. Wang,
"High Average Power Laser Program Optics and Chamber Studies: 2005 Progress Report," UCSD Technical Report, UCSD-CER-06-01, February 5, 2006.

B.III.63
T. Ihli, A. R. Raffray, and the ARIES Team
"ARIES CS Report: Helium Cooled Divertor Design Study," UCSD Technical Report, UCSD-CER-06-04, July 2005.

B.III.62
A. R. Raffray,
"Engineering Analysis of He Retention and Release in Porous W Armor," UCSD Technical Report, UCSD-CER-05-09, September 27, 2005.

B.III.61
D.T. Goodin, A. Nobile, J. Hoffer, D. Geller, J. Sheliak, G.E. Besenbruch, N.B. Alexander, J. Maxwell, D. Schroen, J. Streit, R. Raffray, W. Rickman, M. Tillack, and J. Sethian,
"From One-of-a-Kind to 500,000 Per Day: The Challenge of Mass-Produced IFE Targets," summary for conference presentation, 2004.

B.III.60
F. Najmabadi, M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, Z. Dragojlovic, A. C. Gaeris, J. E. Pulsifer, and K. Sequoia,
"High-Average-Power Laser Program Optics and Chamber Studies: Report on Research Performed During FY03," UCSD Technical Report, UCSD-ENG-109, March 1, 2004.

B.III.59
A. R. Raffray, J. Pulsifer, and M. S. Tillack,
"Helium Cooled Tunsten Heat Sinks," UCSD-ENG-108, University of California, San Diego, April 3, 2003.

B.III.58
A. R. Raffray, J. Pulsifer, and M. S. Tillack,
"Advanced Heat Sink Material for Fusion Energy Devices," UCSD-ENG-107, University of California, San Diego, August 31, 2002.

B.III.57
F. Najmabadi, M. S. Tillack, and A. R. Raffray,
"High-Average-Power Laser Program Optics and Chamber Studies: Report on Research Performed During FY02," UCSD-ENG-105, University of California, San Diego, October 1, 2003.

B.III.56
M. C. Billone, A. R. Raffray, D. K. Sze, L. El-Guebaly and the ARIES Team,
"IFE Structural Materials ARIES Assessment," UCSD-ENG-101, University of California, San Diego, December 16, 2002.

B.III.55
A. R. Raffray, J. Pulsifer, M. S. Tillack and X. Wang,
"Thermal Behavior and Operating Requirements of IFE Direct-Drive Targets," UCSD-ENG-097, University of California, San Diego, November 15, 2002.

B.III.54
A. R. Raffray, J. Pulsifer, M. S. Tillack and X. Wang,
"Effect of Outer Insulating Porous Plastic Foam Layer on Target Thermal Response During Injection," UCSD-ENG-096, University of California, San Diego, October 31, 2002.

B.III.53
A. R. Raffray,
"R&D Plan for Addressing the Thermomechanical Behavior of Lithium Ceramic and Beryllium Pebble Beds in Fusion Blankets," UCSD-ENG-095, University of California, San Diego, August 8, 2002

B.III.52
F. Najmabadi, M. S. Tillack and A. R. Raffray,
"High-Average-Power Laser Program Optics and Chamber Studies: Report on Research Performed During FY01," UCSD-ENG-094, University of California, San Diego, May 1, 2002  

B.III.51
A. R. Raffray, M. S. Tillack and J. Pulsifer,
"Target Thermal Response and Gas Interactions," UCSD-ENG-092, University of California, San Diego, June 2002

B.III.50
M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray and J. E. Pulsifer,
"Improved Performance of Energy Recovery Ventilators Using Advanced Porous Heat Transfer Media," UCSD-ENG-089, University of California, San Diego, Dec. 2001

B.III.49
A. R. Raffray and J. E. Pulsifer ,
"MERLOT: A Model for Flow and Heat Transfer through Porous Media for High Heat Flux Applications," UCSD-ENG-087, University of California, San Diego, November 2001.

B.III.48
F. Najmabadi, M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray S. C. Jardin, R. L. Miller, L. M. Waganer, and the ARIES Team ,
"Impact of Advanced Technologies on Fusion Power Plant Characteristics - The ARIES-AT Study," invited presentation at the 14th ANS Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy, October 15-19, 2000, Park City, Utah.

B.III.47
J. Ohmori, L. Bruno, A. R. Raffray, K. Nakamura,
"Damage Evaluation of Blanket Structure at LOCA/LOFA," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 174 97-11-06 W0.1, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, November 1997.

B.III.46
A. R. Raffray,
"Preliminary CHF Analysis for Newly-Proposed Dedicated Limiter Modules," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 101 97-02-23 W0.1, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, February 1997.

B.III.45
A. R. Raffray,
"Preliminary Assessment of Poloidal Flow versus Toroidal Flow for Mechanical Attachment PFW/IB Blanket Modules," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 84 96-12-23 W0.1, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, December 1996.

B.III.44
A. R. Raffray, and R. Jakeman,
"Critical Heat Flux Analysis of Divertor Vertical Target," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 70 96-10-31 W0.3, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, October 1996.

B.III.43
A. R. Raffray,
"Blanket and Back Plate Average Temperature Histories Following a Disruption," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 38 96-07-16 W1.1, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, July 1996.

B.III.42
A. R. Raffray,
"Blanket, Back Plate and Coolant Temperature Histories Under Normal Operation," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 37 96-07-15 W1.1, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, July 1996.

B.III.41
A. R. Raffray, and N. Tachikawa,
"Back Plate Cooling," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 30 96-05-24 W1.1, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, May 1996.  

B.III.40
A. R. Raffray, K. Ioki, and R. Parker,
"Increasing Blanket Coolant Inlet Temperature and Nominal Temperature Rise," ITER Technical Memo, G 16 MD 50 95-09-28 F1, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, September 1995.

B.III.39
A. R. Raffray,
"Preliminary Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Toroidally Cooled First Wall," ITER Technical Memo, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, February 1994.

B.III.38
D. E. Driemeyer, et al., including A. R. Raffray,
"U.S. Design Support Study for the ITER Divertor," Summary Report Feb-Sept 1993, ITER/US/93/IV- PF-3, MDC 93B0544, McDonnell Douglas, October 1993.

B.III.37
M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"UCLA Contributions to the US ITER Home Team Effort on Blanket and Divertor Design," UCLA-FNT-70, also UCLA-ENG-93-80, University of California, Los Angeles, August 1993.

B.III.36
S. Cho and A. R. Raffray,
"Modeling of Tritium Transport in Lithium Ceramic Single Crystal," UCLA-FNT-65, ENG-93-20, University of California, Los Angeles, May 1993.

B.III.35
W. N. Nevins, L. J. Perkins, J. C. Wesley, et al., including A. R. Raffray (69 authors),
"The High Aspect Ratio Design (HARD): A Candidate ITER Concept with Improved Technology Phase Performance," DOE/ER-ITER-0003, ITER/US/92/EN-SD-01, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, October 1992.

B.III.34
M. S. Tillack, M. A. Abdou, A. Y. Ying, F. Tehranian, A. R. Raffray, Z. Gorbis, and M. Dagher,
"Conceptual Design and Analysis of a Solid Breeder Thermomechanics Simulation Experiment - UNICEX," UCLA-FNT-59, University of California, Los Angeles, Sept. 1992.

B.III.33
A. R. Raffray,
"Packed Bed Wall Conductance," UCLA-FNT-58, ENG-93-01, University of California, Los Angeles, July 1992.

B.III.32
L. M. Waganer, et al., including A. R. Raffray (38 authors),
"Inertial Fusion Energy Reactor Design Studies, PROMETHEUS-L and PROMETHEUS-H Final Report," DOE/ER-54101, MDC 92E0008, March 1992.

B.III.31
A. Badawi and A. R. Raffray,
"Analysis of Surface Fluxes of Hydrogen Species in Lithium Ceramics," Proceedings of the International Workshop on Ceramic Breeder Blanket Interactions, Clearwater, Florida, November 1991, 114-118.  

B.III.30
A. Badawi and A. R. Raffray,
"Analysis of Tritium Release from LiAlO2 in the TEQUILA Experiment, Using the MISTRAL Code," UCLA-FNT-52, University of California, Los Angeles, October 1991.

B.III.29
M. S. Tillack, M. Z. Youssef, M. A. Abdou, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Initial Design of the PROMETHEUS Wetted Wall IFE Reactor Cavity," UCLA-FNT-51, University of California, Los Angeles, October 1991.

B.III.28
A. R. Raffray and M. Xu,
"Packed Bed Effective Thermal Conductivity Based on Modified Hall and Martin Expression," UCLA-FNT-49, University of California, Los Angeles, August 1991.

B.III.27
M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, A. Ying and M. A. Abdou,
"Testing of U.S. He-Cooled Solid Breeder Blankets in ITER," UCLA-FNT-48, University of California, Los Angeles, April 1991.

B.III.26
Z. R. Gorbis, T. Yokomine and A. R. Raffray,
"Solid Protection Cavity Design Concepts for ICF," UCLA-IFNT-7, University of California, Los Angeles, March 1991.

B.III.25
Several authors including A. R. Raffray
"ITER Blanket, Shield and Material Data Base," ITER Documentation Series No. 29-A, IAEA, Vienna 1991.

B.III.24
G. W. Pacher, et al., including A. R. Raffray (36 authors),
"ITER Operations and Research Program," ITER Documentation Series No. 23, IAEA Vienna, 1991.

B.III.23
M. Abdou, et al., including A. R. Raffray (39 authors)
"ITER Test Program," edited by M. Tillack, ITER Documentation Series No. 24, IAEA Vienna, 1991.

B.III.22
Y. Gohar, et al., including A. R. Raffray (21 authors),
"U.S.Technical Report for the ITER Blanket/Shield - A. Blanket," Garching, Germany, July-November 1990.

B.III.21
Y. Gohar, et al., including A. R. Raffray (21 authors),
"U.S.Contributions for the ITER Blanket - Summer 1990 Session," ITER-TN-BL-5-0-4, Garching, Germany, July-November 1990.  

B.III.20
A. R. Raffray,
"Comparing Grain Diffusion to Desorption as Rate-Controlling Mechanisms for Tritium Transport in Solid Breeders," UCLA-FNT-39, University of California, Los Angeles, March 1990.

B.III.19
Z. R. Gorbis, A. R. Raffray, A. Badawi and M. A. Abdou,
"Parametric Analysis of Packed Bed Effective Conductivity using the Zone Model," UCLA-FNT-38, University of California, Los Angeles, March 1990.

B.III.18
Y. Gohar, et al., including A. R. Raffray (22 authors),
"U.S.Contributions to the ITER Blanket Homework Task of Winter 1990 Session," ITER-TN-BL-5-0-3, Garching, FRG, January-March 1990.

B.III.17
"Test Program Summary Report," ITER-IL-NE-3-0-3, February 1990.

B.III.16
M. A. Abdou, R. F. Mattas, A. R. Raffray, M. S. Tillack, A. Ying, A. Badawi,
"U.S. Contribution to ITER Test Program Workshop," UCLA-FNT-36, University of California, Los Angeles, February 1990.

B.III.15
P. Adnani, A. R. Raffray, M. A. Abdou and I. Catton,
"Modeling of Effective Thermal Conductivity for a Packed Bed," UCLA-FNT-29, University of California, Los Angeles, November 1989.

B.III.14
M. S. Tillack, A. Y. Ying, A. R. Raffray, and M. A. Abdou,
"Experiments for Prediction and Control of Thermal Conductance Gap for ITER Ceramic Breeder Blanket Design," UCLA-FNT-027, University of California, Los Angeles, September 1989.

B.III.13
M. S. Tillack, A. Ying, and A. R. Raffray,
"Experience in the Design, Construction, and Operation of a Particle Bed Thermal Conductivity Experiment," UCLA-IFNT-6, University of California, Los Angeles, August 1989.

B.III.12
Y. Gohar, et al., including R. Raffray,
"U.S. Contribution to the ITER Water-Cooled Solid-Breeder Blanket Option and ITER Shield," Garching, FRG, July-August 1989.

B.III.11
M. A. Abdou, M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"U.S. Contribution to ITER Test Program Definition," UCLA-ENG-89-01, FNT-026, University of California, Los Angeles, June 1989.  

B.III.10
U.S. ITER Nuclear Group, including A. R. Raffray,
"U.S. Contributions to the Homework for ITER," February/March 1989.

B.III.9
A. R. Raffray, and K. Fujimura,
"MODELT: A Computer Code to Model Tritium Transport in Solid Breeders," UCLA-FNT-20, University of California, Los Angeles, June 1988.

B.III.8
U.S. ITER Nuclear Group, including A. R. Raffray (50 authors),
"ITER Shield and Blanket Work Package Report," ANL/FPP/88-1, Argonne National Laboratory, May 1988.

B.III.7
U.S. ITER Test Group, including A. R. Raffray,
"ITER Test Program Work Package Report," UCLA-ENG-88-12, University of California, Los Angeles, May 1988.

B.III.6
C. C. Baker, et al., including R. Raffray,
"TIBER II/ETR Nuclear Performance Analysis Group Report," ANL/FPP/87-3, Argonne National Laboratory, September 1987.

B.III.5
C. C. Baker, et al., including A. R. Raffray (over 100 authors),
"Technical Planning Activity Final Report," ANL-FPP-87-1, Argonne National Laboratory, January 1987.

B.III.4
M. A. Abdou, M. S. Tillack, A. R. Raffray, et al.,
"Modeling, Analysis, and Experiments for Fusion Nuclear Technology, FNT Progress Report: Modeling and FINESSE," PPG-1021, also UCLA-ENG-86-44, FNT-17, University of California, Los Angeles, January 1987.

B.III.3
C. C. Baker, et al., including A. R. Raffray (over 100 authors),
"Technical Planning Activity Interim Report," February 1986.

B.III.2
M. A. Abdou, et al., including A. R. Raffray (30 authors),
"FINESSE Phase I Report: Technical Issues and Requirements of Experiments and Facilities for Fusion Nuclear Technology," University of California, Los Angeles, PPG-909, also UCLA-ENG-85-39, December 1985.

B.III.1
P G. Migliore and A. R. Raffray,
"Experimental Fluid Mechanics," Engineering E103L Laboratory Manual, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Davis, Winter 1984.

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